Symbolism of the Number 4 (Book)
The esoteric meaning of the four in that it expresses the idea of divine creation, presenting a prototype, the first act of creation. In his divine aspect of the four is a symbol of the Unknown Name of God – Tetragrammaton known as “Iodine”, “Heh», «Bay», «Xe». Shmakov gives the following transcript of each of the letters of the holy name of God, “Iodine – is the emblem of the self-sufficient Being, He. – Inner Self is the One Being, Bay – a creation of Yoda and Xe – Total Androgen – Self Divine in His divine nature, He – Self-awareness is the external substance. ” In the aspect of natural foursome represents the number of space elements, which are the creating force of the universe (Earth, Water, Air and Fire), four seasons. In the aspect of human nature, the four symbolizes the four lower body (physical, etheric, astral, mental), four types of temperaments (choleric, melancholic, sanguine, phlegmatic), four periods of life (childhood, youth, maturity, old age).
Graphical representation of the four is a pyramid, which is three-dimensional figures and the symbol of the Divine Fire. This shape is formed by four triangular faces. Four other image is the cross – a symbol of cosmic balance and the intersection of mind and matter.
Attributes and essence of the number four
The essence of the Quartet and its purpose – to be a static display of perfect integrity and sustainable structure of the universe – determined its attributes and properties. Manly Hall gives the following description of the quadruple from the position of the Pythagorean symbolism Tetrad 4, considered by the Pythagoreans as the original, all the previous number, the root of all things, the source of nature and the most perfect of numbers. All tetradyintellektualny, of which there is order, they encircle the world as empirical, and go through it. ”
According to the words of God is the Pythagorean number of numbers because the decade, or 10, including 1, 2, 3 and 4, that is because it is a symbol of the four of the first four numbers. Tetrad connects them all Luggages, numbers, elements, temporary structure, manifesting as recurrent cycles. VN Toporov indicates that the four are always present in all the myths about the creation of the universe: “The four points of the compass, four main directions, the four gods or chetyrehipostasnye gods (see, for example, four Thunder in Lithuanian folklore or gods – held four cardinal ), 4 seasons, the century (cf. the Vedic description of 4 times and at the same time the terms of the dice), 4 elements (sometimes they relate to the four mythological figures). , The component is updated in the geometric shapes that have the most mythical and poetical value – square mandala cross. ”
Pythagoreans associated with the essence of the four as a living manifestation of God such properties as “rapid”, “force”, “courage”, “holder of the key to Nature” and called it the “harmony” and “first depth.”
Succinct description of the quadruple gives X. E. Kerlot “Four is a symbol of the earth, terrestrial space, the human situation, external natural limits” minimal “understanding of the totality and, ultimately, good organization. This number is equal to the square and the cube, and represents a cross representing the four seasons and the four directions. According to the principle of Quaternary simulate a large number of material and spiritual forms. This number is associated with material achievements and the elements. In the mystical tradition, it means tetramorfnost. ”
Kabbalistic tradition associated with the four properties such as stability and charity which, in turn, is considered as derivatives of wisdom. Four harmoniously unites such opposites and poles, as spirit and matter, motion and rest, and embodies the principles of universal order, integrity, symmetry, perfect balance, internal and external correspondence, completeness and strength.
Interesting psychoanalytic interpretation of the meaning of the number four and more – the quaternary structure of the universe has made CG Jung:
“Quaternity be understood as a universal archetype. It is a logical prerequisite of all holistic judgment. For such a judgment, you must have four dimensions. For example, if you want to describe the horizon as an entity, you call the four corners of the world … The four elements we find everywhere the four primary properties of matter, four colors, four castes in India, four paths of spiritual perfection in Buddhism. Similarly, there are four aspects of psychological orientation, and it is their property (in fact, the number of) the most fundamental of what we can say about them. For self-determination, we need a function that states that there is something (feeling) in the other, which establishes what is this thing (thinking) in the third, which shows us that something fits or not, whether we accept it ( sense), and, finally, in the fourth determining the source of something and its direction (intuition). And that’s all we can say about it … Ideally, an end – it is a circle, sphere, and its minimal natural division – a quarter.
Quaternity or kvarterion often has 3 +1 structure, in which one element is unique and has a distinct, with the rest of nature (animals symbolize the three evangelists, and the fourth – the angel). It is the “fourth”, complementing the other three, making them something of a “single”, symbolizing the universe. Often in analytical psychology inferior function (ie, a function that is not under the control of consciousness) is the “fourth”, and its integration into the consciousness of one of the main objectives of the process of individualization.”