The symbolism of the number 12
It was believed sverhsovershennoy number symbol “philosopher’s stone”, and completeness of the divine circle, rotating universe. Duodecimal structure of the universe, the presence of the number 12 in many of the realities of life and the religious and spiritual traditions observed by many researchers. So Losev, speaking of the ancient culture and the works of Homer, says:
“In addition to the above we have 12 gesiodovskih Titans we find in Homer: 12 killed Diomedes Thracians, 12 killed when a Trojan Achilles after the death of Patroclus, 12 prisoners brought by Achilles as a sacrifice, 12 sacrificial bulls, 12 participants Odisseevoy Intelligence, 12 itakiyskih suitors of Penelope , 24 (twice 12) groom of Zama, 12 slaves working grinding grain, 12 infidels and executed the maids in the house of Odysseus, 12 feakiyskih kings, 12 horses, Agamemnon for reconciliation with Achilles, 12 foals of Boreas, 12 sacrificial calves Hector, 12 bulls as the price for the winner of the tripod at the games in honor of Patroclus, 12 mares at one of the suitors of Penelope, 12 feet of Scylla. And that’s not all the examples on the use of the number 12 in Homer. it applies to cities, ships, barns for pigs amphora, axes, jewelry, clothing. ”
Indeed, “the 12 signs of the zodiac, 12 hours of the day and night, 12 main Olympian gods, 12 biblical tribes, 12 apostles, 12 Days of Christmas” in the opinion of the investigator symbolism numbers A. Holguin talk about the pervasive and ubiquitous nature of twelve. Arkanologichesky hermeticism connects with the idea of the number of victims, as the only possible conditions for the ascent of man to God. H.E.Kerlot writes: “Twelve symbolizes the cosmic order and salvation. This corresponds to the number of signs of the zodiac and is the basis of all duodecimal groups. It is associated with the concept of space and time, as well as wheels and a circle.” Number 12, marked by many occultists, is the product of 3 and 4, which holds in all the manifestations of matter and spirit, and a variety of rhythms of the universe, the world order manifested cosmos.
Of all the numbers “twelve” has the widest coverage, since the formulas contain Tarot two groups of twelve, and four at fourteen, but the components of these numbers do not have the sacred and archetypal significance. Kerlot writes about this:
“Given that the essential two prototypes of a number” three “and” four “(meaning, respectively, dynamism or internal spirituality and external stability or activity), it can be argued that their sum and their product yield two next to them on the importance of: “Seven” and “twelve”. latter corresponds to the geometric dodecagon, however, it can communicate with the circle and, as their symbolic meanings are almost identical. Thus, systems or schemes based on the circle or cycle, tend to get in the form of a finite limit number “twelve.” Even if at first the structure consists of less than twelve elements, later shown their tendency to strive for perfect number “twelve”, as, for example, in music, where the modal scale of seven notes evolved into dvenadtsatinotnuyu system of Arnold Schoenberg and his school . ”
The circular nature of the number twelve indicates the presence in it of special order based on a circuit capable of decay or a purely internal tripartite division of the external quaternary circuit or an external four-part division is already inside the ternary diagram. All this is evidence of a special symbolism of the Zodiac, whose principle possible manifestations of the four elements in three different ways (levels). Together they yield twelve divisions. Mystic St. Ives d’Alveyder believed that people in the community, following the tradition of the symbolic “circle that is above all, and the closest suitable for the mysterious center, consists of twelve divisions, which represented the highest initiation (ability, virtue, and knowledge) and which, among other things, comply with the Zodiac. ” Interesting thoughts on this number expresses Guenon, claiming that duodecimal formula can be found in the “circular Council,” the Dalai Lama, in the face of the legendary Knights of the Round Table and the twelve peers of France’s historical Kerlot indicates that on the basis of Etruscan divided state, and Romulus founded Institute of twelve lictors.
The symbolism of the number 12 was closely associated with the image of the Heavenly Jerusalem. In the Book of Revelation contains the following description of the Mystic Castle:
“It (the city) had a great and high wall with twelve gates, and twelve angels, and on the gates the names of the twelve tribes of Israel, from the east three gates on the north, three gates on the south three gates, and on the west three gates. Wall the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. ” In another place, “Apocalypse” reads: “And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb. Middle of its street, and one on the other side of the river, was the tree of life, bearing twelve fruits, and yielded on her fruit every month: and the leaves of the tree for the healing of nations. “